Best Emergency kits in 2019

A survival kit will usually include many of the basic tools that a person needs in order to survive an emergency situation. The kits come in a variety of sizes and styles and will offer protection for warmth, first aid, a means of obtaining water and food, and a rescuers signal so someone can find you.

The survival kit in which you choose will depend on the environment in which you are going to be in when traveling, hunting, hiking or just out for a bike ride.

The Seventy2 Survival System

Rated number one for an emergency preparedness kit, it offers a 20-piece first aid kit, a survival tent that is made of Mylar Thermal, 100 feet of paracord, goggles that are lightweight, a survival knife, all in an external shell that is made of a material called 600-Denier Tarpaulin, to keep everything safe.

The first aid kit that is included contains an emergency care remote bystander CPR unit, which has been proven to double a victim’s chances for survival. It also has plenty of band-aids of all sizes, ointments for stings and burns and plenty of other useful items.

The survival knife in the kit might be the Spyderco Bushcraft G-10 knife that is designed for people who what to learn how to survive in the wild. It has a 4inch blade, with an overall size of 8.75 inches, that is made of one piece of carbon steel and the handle is pinned onto it on both sides. It only weighs 7.75 ounces which makes it easy to handle for skinning, chopping, slicing or whittling. The knife also comes with a handy leather sheath.

The Emergency Zone 4 Person Family Prep Survival 72-Hour Kit

This survival kit is for a family of 4 to be able to survive 72 hours. It stores easily in the trunk of your car or any place around the house. Individuals can have confidence in the kit because the contents are all FEMA compliant.

This kit contains the best survival gear that includes an excellent AM/FM radio, batteries, a substantial first aid kit, light sticks, hygiene kit, two 2-person tube tents, reflective sleeping bags, 5-in one survival whistle, leather palm work gloves, 50 feet of rope and a 48-page emergency preparedness guide, and much more.

The AM/FM radio is for receiving broadcasts in the event of power outage. The radio operates on batteries or solar power. Individuals will be able to stay in touch with the latest news while power is down. You will be able to know if a storm is coming or getting worse or hear if rescuers are on their way to help you. In an emergency, your radio could be your last chance for receiving life-saving critical information.

The Guardian Elite Survival Kit

This emergency preparedness kit has everything you will need for 72 hours. It helps people to have the proper equipment without them having to put the kit together themselves. You will have all the essential supplies that you will need for 72 hours. All the gear is packed nicely into a comfortable backpack with straps.

The kit contains some of the best survival gear including, food, water purification tablets, which will provide nutritional water for 72 hours. An AM/FM radio with headphones, batteries, a rechargeable LED flashlight, 30-hour candle, 12-hour brick stick, waterproof matches, and a survival whistle. It also includes a 2-person tube tent with rope. Hikers backpack with multi-pockets, survival sleeping bag, poncho with hood, 16hr body warmer, 16 function knife, N95 Respirator Dust Mask, sewing kit, work gloves, safety goggles, and a 50-foot nylon rope. There is also a 2-piece deluxe hygiene kit, 65-piece portable first aid kit, infectious waste bag, and a deck of playing cards.

The hygiene pack has deodorant, razor, shave cream, comb, tissue packs, washcloths, lotion, shampoo, conditioner, toothbrush, and wet naps. There are many other hygiene items included. The kit was designed by experts who know all about emergency preparedness for kits.

The Gerber Bear Grylls Ultimate Kit

This is a lightweight emergency preparedness kit intended to fit easily in the persons existing backpack or bag. It is a great survival kit that will not take up a lot of room in your bag.

It has 16 essential tools that are all in a waterproof bag. It includes a mini light, hand saw, multi-tool, signaling mirror, survival blanket, emergency cord, fire starter, land to air rescue instructions, and a pocket guide to survival.

There are different types of fire starters and one should always be in your backpack or survival kit. Fire gives you comfort as well as be able to have warmth, visible light, and cooking meals. The fire also helps to purify water and wards off predators and annoying insects. Fire starters do not rely on fuel, wood or packaging materials. It is great to have a fire starter around for those times when you forget the matches or lighter.

The S.O.L. Origin Survival Kit by Adventure Medical Kits

This emergency survival kit is intended to help people survive the outdoors longer. It contains the best survival gear and many different tools that are essential to survive the harshest of environments that can be encountered.

The kit is contained in a waterproof case and it includes a fire starter, 150-pound-test nylon braided cord, and a sewing and fishing kit. Military-spec stainless steel wire, a knife that has a folding lock-blade, a signal mirror that flashes and will transmit your location as much as 20 miles away, and a compass.

The lock-blade knife that folds has become a very popular item. It can be carried in your pocket or put on your belt for quick access. Some of the best survival knives would be the Spyderco Paramilitary 2, the Cold Steel Recon 1 Spear Point Plain Edge and the Ontario Rat ii. There are many more but these will give you an idea of what is out there for a survivor’s knife.

The Spyderco’s Paramilitary 2 is 8.3 inches long with a CPM S30V steel full flat-ground blade which is 3.5 inches long. It has a signature compression lock that is the strongest folding lock in the knife industry.

The Cold Steel Recon 1 Spear Point Plain Edge is versatile and rugged. It has a comfortable G-10 handle with a 4-inch knife blade made of CTS HP alloy steel.

The Recon 1 has a variety of blade lengths. It comes in a 2,3,4, and 5 ½ inch long blade. It also has a plain, 50/50, and plan options for the blade. People have increased confidence knowing that the knife has a Tri-Ad lock.

Ontario Rat ii knife is a small knife that if you’re looking for a compact lightweight knife this would be the answer. It is dependable and well-built. It has a 7-inch overall length and 4.1-inch blade. The blade edge is full flat taper grind blade.

The blade opens with a reversible thumb stud and is made of AUS-8 steel. It has a clip that can be used by both right and left-handed people and a comfortable nylon handle.

A compass is another essential part of any survival kit. Compasses are lightweight and great for hiking, boating, scouting, camping, and other outdoor activities. Many compasses measure scales in inches and millimeters. Most come with a lanyard hole so it can easily be attached to your backpack or another bag.

Military compasses are waterproof and shake proof so they can survive harsh conditions. They can also fit through belt loops for carrying and be accessible at all time. Some compasses come with an interface that glow-in-the-dark for navigating through the night.

Some compasses have a built-in distance calculator to help individuals plan the routes they wish to take. Errors are decreased with the built-in bubble level which gives high accuracy readings.

The Mayday Earthquake Kit

This is also known as the 2-person 72-Hour Emergency Honey Bucket Kit. This kit is the premier earthquake-readiness kit available. If you live in an area known to have earthquakes, you should have one of these kits handy at all times. You should have one in the home on each level and one in every car.

This emergency survival kit contains a 54-piece first aid kit, 2400 calorie food bars, 12-hour light stick, three packs of water, waterproof matches, gas, and water shut off tools, utility knife, water purification tablets, ponchos and dust masks, pry bar, disinfectant, duct tape, and much more. It is the type of kit that will come in handy for any situation during an earthquake, hurricane or flood.

This kit is for two people so you should have one kit for every two people in the home. It also contains a loud brass metal whistle. It all comes in a big bucket that is easy to store anywhere.

The 4 Person Survival Kit Deluxe by Survival Prep Warehouse

Perfect for the small family of 4, this kit helps you be prepared for hurricanes, fires, floods, and earthquakes. This deluxe kit is a 72-hour kit that comes in a convenient duffel bag. It contains safety items, gas shut off tools and first aid supplies. It also has 48 pouches of water and food bars that have a shelf life of 5 years that have 200 calories each. There are emergency ponchos, survival candles, a flashlight that can be hand-squeezed to recharge the battery, and body warmers that will last 20 hours.

The Gerber Zombie Apocalypse Survival Kit

This kit has three Gerber knives. It has the LMF II Infantry, the Epic and DMF Folder. It also has two Gerber machetes. The Gator Machete Pro and the Gator Machete. It includes the Parang Machete, which is a 17.5-inch Freescape Hatchet, and ax called the Camp II High-Performance Axe. All this comes in a nice canvas case with a handle for easy transport.

Machetes come in two different styles. One is a lightweight, long thin blade. It is designed for cutting soft vegetation down. The thick heavier blade that is short, is better for the copping of wood. There are many different styles and each person needs to decide which one is best for their own use.

The Sportsman Series Bighorn First Aid Kit

The Sportsman Series is created by Adventure Medical Kits and is meant for fishermen, hunters, and others that are out in the wilderness. The kit is supplied with items needed to treat common injuries out in the wild.

The kit contains sterile bandages that will treat blisters, small wounds, and burns. It has the CPR face shield, essential tools for sprains and fractures along with common medications. It also has a Comprehensive Guide to Wilderness and Travel Medicine inside. The guide included helps you to recognize life-threatening conditions and how to use your medical kit properly. This kit helps you to give quality care for up to seven people for up to a week.

Everything comes in a bright orange case that has a removable waterproof Field Trauma Kit. This is used for trips away from the campsite and can treat penetration wounds from arrows and bullets. It can remove fish hooks, stop severe bleeding with QuikClot, has splint fractures, self-adhering elastic bandages, and trauma pads. The kit has secure see-through compartments that will let you see what is in each compartment. This will get you to the needed equipment quickly.

The GetReadyNow 2+ Person Deluxe Car Emergency Kit

If your car breaks down, or you get stuck in a bad snow storm, you will be prepared to survive with this emergency kit in your car. It stows away in your car until the time comes when you need the supplies.

This emergency survival kit is a deluxe kit that comes in a heavy-duty dry bag that is clear and keeps supplies from getting wet. You will be able to find what you need through its clear texture. It will fit conveniently under the car seat. It includes 4 Millennium food bars, a LED headlamp along with the batteries, LED glow sticks, Mylar blankets, waste disposal bags, ponchos, and 46-piece first aid kit.

A great LED headlamp will help you find the needed tools for fixing a flat or getting out of your tent to find the restroom. There are many different excellent headlamps to choose from that will fit comfortably on your head. When not in use they fit fine around your neck. Some headlamps will have features like a three-level power meter that will display how much battery life you have left, or be waterproof, or have distances that you need in a headlamp.

Survival kits may end up with a few extra items that you might not need at the moment, but the important things like the fire starter, food, water, blankets, and the tube tents come in handy no matter what situation you are facing. Survival kits nowadays have been customized by experts, so the kits contain the critical supplies needed in case of a major disaster.

How to Filter and Purify Water

Humans cannot survive without water, but it’s necessary for water from most sources to be purified before drinking. This is a matter of safety, for water from untrusted sources could be contaminated with various microorganisms or possibly industrial effluents. The first thing is finding a source of water and determining if it’s actually useable or not. This can sometimes be a challenge in extreme circumstances, particularly in cases of natural disasters and the like. Even if you’re on a routine camping or hiking trip, unforeseen situations can arise where you need to find a source of water. Beyond that, it’s not feasible to take large amounts of water with you if weight is a concern – which makes it necessary to carry something for making water potable. If you can’t figure out how to filter water, you run the risk of succumbing to dehydration or to various waterborne illnesses.

Water from unknown or untrusted sources could have any number of contaminants in it, which would be plainly idiotic to drink without undergoing purification. The source of contamination can vary, and certain methods are more effective at removing certain contaminants than others. Microorganisms can be killed using several methods, while issues like turbidity will require filtration of some kind. Industrial chemicals, fertilisers, and metal contamination are trickier issues to deal with, and there are particular methods for purifying water that you know has a particular source of contamination.

How to find water

The source of your water matters a lot, which in more extreme situations can be even more difficult.You should avoid standing water if possible, and go for the clearest source that you can find. Do not assume that water is potable without treatment just because it’s clear – it can still contain any number of contaminants that could make you very sick If it’s not possible to find clear water, it will be necessary to treat the water for both pathogens and for turbidity if not for other forms of pollution. Some methods might be suitable for both solid particulate matter as well as pathogens, while other methods will only be useful for one or the other.

If you’re lost in the wilderness, it may not be so difficult to find water depending on your environment. Forested environments may prove to have sources of potable water, even if they aren’t immediately obvious. For instance, grape vines contain some amount of potable water – which can be useful if you happen to get lost hiking and need an immediate source of water.

How to filter water

The following are 10 different methods that you can try for purifying water so that you can drink it. Not all of them will work in every situation, so use your discretion in determining which is best for the situation at hand.


One of the oldest and most widely used methods of water purification is boiling, which is effective at killing microorganisms in the water. That being said, the water may still have a taste, may still be turbid, and may still have chemical traces depending on the source you’ve used. Use this in combination with other methods if necessary. Boiling water is a very simple process if you have the right equipment, but in extreme situations it may become necessary to improvise.

If you’re on a campsite with everything else but no drinking water filter, boiling becomes a feasible option to kill any pathogens that you might be concerned about. While boiling is effective for killing microbes, it may be less feasible in certain circumstances due to the lack of any suitable container for boiling. In this case, it will be necessary to look for other alternatives for making water safe to consume.

Reverse Osmosis

One popular method for purifying water at home is reverse osmosis filtration, which applies pressure to remove solid particles including salts. As such, it can be used for desalinisation as well as filtering out the added fluoride from your municipal water supply.

Reverse osmosis typically utilises filter systems, whether attached to your tap or in a specialised pitcher. Many of these systems are quite affordable and simple enough to be suitable for home use, so you should consider this if you’re looking for a basic drinking water filter because you don’t like the water that comes out of your taps. There are some reverse osmosis systems which are portable enough to carry if you’re looking for a water filter for camping.

Chemical Treatment

Chemical treatment is used by many municipal water supplies, mostly in addition to other methods for treatment. This will kill off many microorganisms present in the water, but doesn’t prove effective in getting rid of chemical pollutants or turbidity.

Chlorine is one chemical that can be used for purification in emergency circumstances, with most chlorine bleach containing around 5% chlorine. This is an effective method for almost immediately killing off most micro-organisms in water as bleach is a heavy oxidant, but be careful to not add too much. You should add around 4 drops of bleach per quart/liter.

Another basic chemical purification method utilises iodine, though this will take a bit longer than if you’re using chlorine. Since iodine is frequently found in first aid kits, this method of water purification could still be useful in an emergency situation where you’re somewhat away from civilisation. Iodine kills an array of commonly found pathogens, but not all of them – so you should still be careful. To use iodine, leave the water to warm in the sun for some time and add between 5 and 10 drops per quart/liter, depending on how clear the water is. Alternatively, you can use iodine tablets for water purification (available at most camping stores). Leave the water to sit for at least 30 minutes before drinking or using.


Distillation is effective at removing many contaminants from water, as well as for the purposes of desalinisation. This process involves heating the water so that it evaporates and collects in a pipe leading to another container, thus removing many impurities that can be found in water. Since water from unknown sources can contain dangerous pathogens such as E. coli, distillation provides a viable solution for making potable water in a desperate situation.

Traditional stills require a sealed pot set up over a heat source, with a pipe at the top for steam to collect. This pipe typically passes through water for the sake of cooling, and leads to a vessel for collecting the distilled water/liquid. Heating the water should kill any pathogens in it, and distillation will filter out any impurities in the water. It may become necessary to distill water multiple times in order to produce completely clean water, so don’t There are solar distillation methods which could be useful in any outdoor situation, be it camping or getting lost in the wilderness. You can buy a kit for solar water distillation, but it’s also possible to fashion one out of a few readily available components that you should be able to scrape together. A solar still is also suitable for the purposes of desalinisation, so the aforementioned kits are a must have if you’re planning to go to sea anytime soon.

A solar still contains two troughs: one for the contaminated water, and an empty one for collecting the distilled water. A piece of glass is placed at an angle over the contaminated water trough, angling down into the collection trough for the distilled water. In order to increase the amount of energy absorbed from the sun, it’s useful to use a black trough for the contaminated water (or to paint it black). This method is basically taking advantage of the processes of evaporation and condensation, and beyond setting up a solar still and adding the water it requires little effort and no additional filters or technology.


While you can certainly desalinise water using distillation or reverse osmosis, there are other ways that could prove more practical if you find yourself stuck at sea or on a deserted island somewhere and don’t have potable water. There are portable desalinator products available, which you should take to sea with you. These include solar stills as well as filter systems and other setups, though the former may be the easiest to take to sea with you.

Cloth Filtration

If there is a lot of particulate matter present in the water, cloth filtration becomes an option. This will not filter out any pathogens or pollutants, so you should only use this method with relatively clean water or prior to purifying the water through other means. You can also set up a more complex filtration system using roots and cloth, which will give you clear water that’s still not necessarily safe to drink. While cloth filtration might not make for the ideal drinking water filter, it will still remove some of the impurities.

UV Water Purification

Ultraviolet light stops microbes from reproducing, which vastly reduces their potential for harm. The drawback of UV purification is that you should not expose the water to sunlight for any length of time, or else there’s a chance of the microbes reactivating and thus becoming harmful again.

You can buy UV water purification systems, some of which are small and portable enough to carry with you. While you will still need a power source to charge it, there are UV water purification pens that you can charge using a normal USB connection. These are a great idea to keep on hand (and keep charged), should you find yourself in a situation where the only potable water source is subject to microbial contamination.

Slow Sand Filters

Slow sand filters produce relatively clear water free of pathogens, taste, and odour. They do not necessarily remove all bacteria from the water. This might not be the most practical setup for a water filter for camping, if you need something for short-term use. It may still be an option if you’re stuck in the wilderness for a long time and need a long-term solution to water filtration, or if you’re building a camping site.

Slow sand filters are built with a layer of gravel on the bottom, upon which course sand is placed. Finer sand is place on top of this, and the water is allowed to flow through from the top. The subsequent layers filter out any sand particles in the water, while many contaminants are filtered out when they pass through the biofilm layer that grows in the top. The addition of charcoal will filter out any flavours or odours present in the water.

Stone/Ceramic Filtration

Stone and ceramic filters for drinking water have existed for centuries, and are still commonplace in many parts of the world. These include jempeng stones and various ceramic filters, usually of the type using a container with two separate parts. In most ceramic filters, contaminated water is placed in the upper portion and slowly collects in the lower one, passing through a ceramic filter. A jempeng stone filter works in a similar manner to ceramic filters, with the water being filtered through porous stone in order to remove any turbidity or other particulate matter. If you’re looking for a great water filter for camping, you might consider a ceramic or jempeng stone setup.

How to Store the Water After Filtration

Once you’ve actually purified the water for drinking, you need a safe way to store it so that it doesn’t get contaminated all over again. If you have any clean containers or bottles with you, this is the obvious answer. It’s generally better to allow containers to thoroughly dry in the sun if that’s at all possible in your circumstances, so as to avoid contaminating your freshly potable water with waterborne pathogens or other pollutants. Nearly anything that you can find will do, but it’s better if your water is protected from sunlight and from being left open. Open water containers can become standing water pretty quickly, risking recontamination as well as eventually becoming a breeding grounds for mosquitoes. If you decontaminated you water using UV purification methods, it’s absolutely essential that the treated water is not exposed to any source of light for any duration of time, or else the deactivated pathogens will be reactivated and begin reproducing once more. Water is essential for human survival no matter what the circumstances, and becomes all the more important in extreme circumstances where there’s a real potential for dehydration to occur. Knowing or not knowing how to filter water before any outdoor trip or seafaring excursion can be a matter of life or death, so be sure to look over the above options for making water potable and try to plan ahead. In an emergency situation, you may be able to use some of these methods to build your own setup so that you neither die of dehydration nor of some waterborne illness contracted from drinking contaminated water.

Off-grid Batteries and Power Systems

Learning how to live off the grid could be a challenging task, especially if you are finding off the grid substitutes to everyday utilities.

Since energy could be easily regarded as one of the most essential of those utilities in today’s day and age, it is quite crucial to learn about off grid power systems.

After all, living off the grid doesn’t mean that you have to bid farewell to the most indispensable of comforts. It only means that you know how to be self-reliant and survive on your own while making use of all of what you have at hand.

Fortunately, the off grid survival community has strengthened to a point where you no longer have to feel alone in your quest to be self-sufficient. With various advancements, techniques and methods to use everyday equipment from a perspective of survival, you can easily learn the ropes and be more independent.

To help you learn about this information, this detailed guide will introduce you to the top power systems that will keep your lights on when no other power source is available from the grid. With these power options, self-sufficiency becomes a bit more simple.

But before you learn about the choices in these power systems, let’s take a quick overview of what kind of options you have at your disposal in the first place.

The Different Types of Power Systems You Can Use for Your Off the Grid Living

When it comes to power systems that could be used without being dependent on a greater source, enjoy a variety of options. From an off grid solar system to an off grid wind system, obtaining power from sustainable sources has never been easier.

Here are some of the most popular methods that can be used to obtain direct current (DC) energy and convert it to alternating current (AC) energy to power your home or survival equipment.

Solar Power Systems

As one of the fastest growing sustainable energy sources, solar power is being adopted by all sorts of corporate and residential entities. Not only does it provide a clean way to obtain energy, but that energy also comes with the assurance of having a sustainable supply at the back-end.

To utilize solar power, you would need to invest in a solar power system. Consisting of solar panels that are installed on the roof of your property (or your car if you are going mobile), the system absorbs DC energy from sunlight and converts it to AC energy through the use of an inverter.

In order to achieve this objective, you also need batteries to absorb and store the energy that is obtained by your solar panels. That is why investing in a charge controller and buying a battery would be an imperative step on your to do list.

Wind Power Systems

As a method that uses a sustainable natural resource, wind energy is also regarded as one of the cleanest and most dependable power generation methods.

The system uses wind turbines, which are propellers that are powered through wind to produce kinetic energy. These propellers are in turn attached to a drive shaft and gear box, which send energy to a generator. This generator takes in this DC energy and converts it to AC power.

But there are times when your wind turbines may not generate consistent energy. That is where you need a charge controller to power and charge a battery. This battery can then be used to utilize AC power for your home.

Lead Acid or Lithium Battery Power Systems

While not as sustainable as solar or wind power systems, battery power systems are still widely used to obtain AC energy through cars or uninterruptible power supplies (UPS). This is because these batteries are more affordable to purchase, easier to install and simpler to use than solar or wind power systems. In addition to that, the abundance of batteries in automobiles makes them all the more convenient.

These are some of the reasons why batteries are used all the time at campsites to turn on light-bulbs or power mobile appliances. While they are now used at homes to provide backup power when the grid is out of order for any reason.

Car batteries typically use lead-acid, which is an economical and affordable way to generate power. But that cost-effectiveness typically comes at the price of consistent upkeep from your end (remember how your car battery is thirsty for water on a regular basis). That is where lithium batteries come in.

As a more expensive option, lithium batteries free you from consistent upkeep and provide a longer life-expectancy on average basis. This means that while they are more expensive, they don’t come without their advantages. Different types of lithium batteries are currently available, with their utilization depending upon your requirements for them.

When used in cars, both lead-acid and lithium batteries get charged by the car’s alternator through a belt. When used in UPS, these batteries can be charged via AC power from the grid and used to store energy that can be used when the grid is facing an outage for whatsoever reason.

There’s also a difference in how the stored energy in batteries is used by cars and home systems. While being utilized for automobiles, the DC power (let’s say it’s 12V) is directly used to power essential equipment such as headlights and engine computers; but when you are using batteries to power your home, an inverter from DC to AC power is necessary (which converts 12V DC to 110V AC).

A UPS can recharge a battery for repeated usage on a consistent basis, but that charging is done through AC power which comes from a grid as opposed to energy obtained through solar systems. As such, when using completely off grid power systems, you would have to depend on the energy generated by your car to use it through an inverter. But this can be tricky, since a dead battery may cause your car to not start at all. As such, constant vigilance is required when you use batteries that are attached to your car.

Now that you know how the different power systems function, you would have a greater understanding about which system works best for you while you learn how to live off the grid.

Here are the top 10 off the grid power systems that you can use to enjoy a steady source of energy.

1. 6 Volt Flooded Lead-Acid Battery Systems

As one of the cheapest options to support your desire to have an off the grid power source, 6V flooded lead-acid (FLA) batteries perform their job very well. They do need consistent upkeep to maintain their water levels but their reduced costs negate their disadvantages.

Typically used to power golf carts, these lead-acid batteries can support a few LED lights as well as a fan or two at the same time. Along with the volt, the amp-hour (Ah) of the battery would indicate for how long it can power your electrical devices.

For instance, a 6V battery with 2Ah would have 12 watt-hour (Wh). But instead of the Wh, the Ah is the power that counts as it relates to discharge of the stored energy. while purchasing batteries and especially those that are this small, pay extra attention to the amp-hour.

2. L16 Sealed Lead-Acid Battery Systems

Sealed lead-acid (SLA) batteries can also be regarded as the more convenient option in the lead-acid battery category. While they are still not as expensive as lithium batteries, they require less upkeep than a typical or flooded lead-acid battery.

Absorbent glass mat (AGM) batteries or gel cell batteries in this SLA class are used widely by households as well as commercial entities. Once again, amp-hour would tell you how much battery life is present within your batter. As one of the most affordable choices, you would easily be able to find a vast variety of options through popular manufacturers.

A L16 SLA battery system maintains the line between cost and performance, it remains a lucrative option for many.

3. Deep Cycle Marine Battery Systems

As the name suggests, marine batteries are made for marine vehicles such as boats. While car batteries such as a golf cart battery use the majority of their stored energy to start the car with a jolt and then power its engine and electrical systems, marine batteries provide power to the boat’s engine while also discharging their energy to support the appliances on board.

As such, car batteries are called “starting” or “cranking” batteries due to their jolt of energy that they send out to start the engine. Alternatively, marine batteries with their dual ability, the jolt of energy to start the engine + their consistent and “deep cycle” discharge of energy to power appliances, are considered “dual purpose.”

These battery systems can be found easily. One caveat, marine batteries do not last as long as car batteries when you use them for off grid power systems.

4. 48V Lithium Battery Systems

A battery with significant capacity, this one is one that would certainly come with a higher price tag. Obtain an exceptional off the grid backup system that will last.

Perfect for a solar system or even convertible energy from a wind turbine (when applicable), this lithium battery would be the backup system that could support your whole home and appliances. Simply obtain an inverter that would be in line with this component.

Since it may take a long time to charge through AC power, this battery is most suitable for an off grid solar system than it is for direct charging from the grid.

5. Nickel-Iron (NiFe) Battery Systems

Nickel-iron (NiFE) batteries were all the rage in the past, or at least that is how Thomas Edison wanted them to be.

Instead of being utilized in cars, where lead-acid batteries soon took over, NiFe batteries were regarded as a long-forgotten technology. But they are now making a comeback, thanks to those who are learning how to live off the grid.

Said to last approximately 50 years, nickel-iron batteries could be an investment for a lifetime due to their tremendous performance in the face of overcharging and undercharging risks. With that being said, they have their drawbacks.

Their discharge rate may be effective but when it comes to overall performance, they are still considered as second-rate to lead-acid batteries, both FLA and SLA. They are also harder to find and cost way higher than lead-acid batteries.

6. Lithium-ion Battery Systems

An efficient way to manage low upkeep with higher performance, lithium-ion batteries have slowly started to gain traction among off the grid living enthusiasts – and even those who have no idea about the off the grid lifestyle but want reliable backup power.

Lithium-ion batteries work very well with solar energy, which is why they are being used by companies such as Tesla, who sell these batteries as a part of the pre-packaged deal that comes with Tesla’s own battery pack and inverter in its Powerwall.

These batteries can easily last a decade, but they do cost a pretty penny. Their installation is also trickier and thus needs to be handled by experts for these batteries to perform to full capacity.

7. Forklift Battery Systems

While complicated in their overall installation and upkeep, forklift batteries can prove to be a powerhouse option for some.

Since they are built for industrial use and typically utilized in highly demanding environments, these batteries can stand the test of time. That is to the point where they can clock approximately 20 years with consistent operation.

With that being said, these batteries have extensive upkeep and could be difficult to install. They could be more expensive when compared to other batteries, especially SLA battery systems.

8. 6V AGM Battery System

Getting a level above from the golf cart option, AGM batteries may mean that you don’t have to run around checking for water levels in your battery system.

This makes a 6V AGM battery superior to the FLA battery. But this superiority once again causes a difference in cost. This means that you need to make sure you are considering the price just as much as you are assessing the ongoing maintenance for this battery system.

With that in mind, the price tag makes you rest assured that these batteries’ discharge timing would be far more impressive than their FLA counterparts. This makes them a very good option for vacation homes where batteries are not used as much.

9. Lithium-iron Phosphate (LiFePo4) Battery Systems

Another offering from the lithium battery family, lithium-iron phosphate (LiFePo4) could be a great choice for an off grid solar system.

They are particularly well in terms of performance and efficiency, where they do not need as much upkeep as a typical lead-acid battery. Judging by the other battery systems, you may have guessed that they cost more than FLA batteries or even SLA batteries, but their endurance more than makes up for the price.

With that being said, their installation with an inverter could also be tricky for those who have not worked with lithium batteries before. This is something that you would need to keep in mind while purchasing this system.

10. 12V Deep Cycle Gel Battery

A part of the SLA battery family, a gel battery could save you from costs of upkeep and maintenance while providing a great performance. With that being said, keep an eye on the manufacturer you procure the materials from.

This is because both gel and AGM could perform very well for solar as well as AC power backup (such as those originating from wind turbine energy converted to AC power). But if you are off the grid and completely depend upon your solar power system, then factors such as the discharge rate would play a big part in terms of long-term backup and performance.

Apart from that, gel batteries or any inverter systems that are attached to them perform on the same level as an AGM. But since both have the mechanism of sealed lead-acid on its base, they are quite cost effective as compared to lithium batteries.

Make Sure to Assess Your Requirements and Restrictions Before Reaching a Decision

While all of these battery and power systems can provide you with backup and high performance in off the grid living, they each have their own set of strengths and drawbacks. Make sure to take the time to assess your needs and determine your restrictions, and then reach a decision on select a power system accordingly. This process may take some time alright, but it would ensure that you have something that suits you. As a result, your investment in your power system wouldn’t have to face short term consequences and you would enjoy long term benefits due to your due diligence.

The Most Amazing Survival Stories

While many enjoy the activity of survival backpacking, most people just enjoy hiking or backpacking as a casual sport. There is a special joy that comes from being out in the wilderness, enjoying the splendor of nature, the marvel of creation, and the excitement of the unknown. It’s because of that excitement that it is called an adventure. Most of the time it’s a relatively uneventful experience to go hiking, camping, backpacking, or hunting. Most of the time, the adventure is limited to our comfort zone. Those who do participate in survival backpacking are always ready, trained keenly for whatever may come their way. But for those others, it’s a lot more laid back and that’s what makes it so dangerous when something goes wrong. There are those times, however, when the adventure is more than we could ever imagine, when the excitement is precipitated not by the unknown, but by danger, life-threatening danger, when the experience suddenly becomes all too real. When this happens a day out for a hike, or a weekend of camping becomes something more, it becomes a struggle for survival. Let’s take a moment to look at five of the most harrowing survival stories that we have ever heard. These individuals didn’t know when they set out from the safety of their urban world that they would be fighting for their lives a few short hours later. They managed somehow, through strength of character, resolve, training, and preparedness to live to tell their tales. More so, we can learn from them and maybe, just maybe we can be so lucky if one day, unexpectedly, we are thrust into a similar situation where we have to struggle to survive.

The Strange Attack at Dismal Falls

David Stephen Wingfield and his dad were no strangers to camping and hiking, they had been doing it since David was old enough to join him and his dad had been going to the woods with his brothers and his own father since he had been old enough to start his journey to manhood. At first, they didn’t give any mind to their mid-August camping trip to the deep woods of Dismal Falls, Virginia. It was going to be fun since David was going to be returning to college for his junior year in a couple of weeks, and a coworker of his fathers, Kyle, would be joining them. This would not be a common camping trip though. It would be a struggle for their lives when they would be attacked in the night. Was it an animal, was it the return of a lunatic who had stalked the woods two years prior, or was it something even stranger than they could have ever imagined? Read the whole story here.

The Dangers of Strangers

Ricky Megee was on a simple cross-country drive through the Australian outback on his way to a new job when he decided to pick up a small group of hitchhikers to save them from the dangers of the open desert. Little did he know that he would awake a few hours later, naked, wrapped in plastic, and with dingoes scraping at his back. Alone, nude, and in the middle of nowhere at night, he had to find a way to make it to a main road, and along the way fight off animals, and unless he moved fast the scorching sun which would be on him in less than 8 hours. He didn’t make it to a road, in fact, he wandered through the outback for more than 70 days before he found a note of civilization. Living off of frogs and snakes, which he killed with his bare hands and using “humpy” tents make from leaves and sticks, to stave off the sun, he survived. He managed to make it to a remote ranch where he found help. He had been drugged by the hitchhikers, robbed, and left for dead. Luckily, he had been trained in wilderness survival as a youth, and he was able to rough it.

Alone & Scared on the Ledge

Some survival stories have a happy ending, some have endings that are not so sunny. Such is the case of Joshua Prestin who watched as his brother disappeared down the side of the cliff. It was a simple repel, but something went wrong. Louis’ rope slid out of the sling, Josh looked over the side to see if he was OK, but he could see anything through the fog below. He called out till his voice failed him, but there was no response. He was alone, night would fall soon, and he was on a ledge little more than 8 feet wide. All he had was one rope, a few matches, and medkit along with some basic foodstuffs and a handful of basic climbing supplies. He would have to figure a way to get out of this on his own, and if possible, get to his injured brother. At the core, he had to survive for five days, till the family realized they were not returning as planned and wasn’t sure how that would happen. Through determination and will Josh had to survive and find out if his brother was alive. Read the whole story here.

The Gremlin Special

One of the most famous survival stories of WWII is that of the Gremlin Special and its passengers. One would think that being in the military would prepare you to survive in even the roughest of conditions, but there is a difference between surviving in a combat environment where things have been thought out to a degree and having to survive when suddenly everything goes wrong on a routine operation that isn’t supposed to be dangerous. That was the case on 13 May 1945 when a U.S. Army Air Force cargo planned crashed into the side of a mountain on a routine supply run in Dutch New Guinea. Out of the 24 passengers and crew, only three survived, but somehow, they managed to stay alive on their own for more than 42 days. They had the help of friendly tribesman who not only nursed them back to health, but shielded them from the dangers of cannibalistic tribes in the area known for gang-raping and torturing their captured victims. They used their training to make their way out of the crash site to the safety of a nearby village, a trek which took four days alone, with no food and only local source water that they were unsure of the safety of.

Now You See Him, Now You Don’t, Now You Do!

Perhaps one of the most interesting stories of survival is also a remarkable story of vindication. Lt. David Steeves was a top-notch U.S. Air Force Pilot in the 1950s, but it wasn’t his impeccable flying that made him a household name. The pilot was ordered to fly a highly classified new fighter jet prototype from San Francisco to Craig, Air Force Base, near Selma Alabama on 9 May, 1957. Not long after he took off, he disappeared from radar and following a search which turned up nothing, was unjustly accused of stealing the jet to turn it over to the Soviet Union, himself defecting in the process. It was believed he was a traitor. Until, of course, the following July when he walked out of the Sierra Nevada Mountains and flagged down a pickup truck passing along a highway. He was malnourished, wearing only his flight boots and his government-issued tighty-whities which were all but threadbare. Once he was back to civilization the recounted the story of how an engine component of the experiential jet had exploded not long after takeoff. He had been forced to eject as the plan itself exploded into millions of pieces only a moment later. He parachuted down into the mountains where he landed hard and was knocked unconscious. His flight suit was shredded by the trip through the tall pines, and he was bleeding from several deep abrasions. He tried for two weeks to find his way to a road, not eating the entire time and fending off wild animals with sharp sticks and his sidearm, at least until he ran out of ammo. Finally, he had managed to make his way to a ranger’s cabin where he found some simple supplies and fish hooks but no clothes or blankets. He survived for a couple of weeks till his wounds were healed enough to try to hike.

A Father and Daughter Outing Turned Deadly

Johan Otter and his daughter Jenna a vibrant and beautiful 18-year-old, were out for a day of fun in nature as they visited Glacier National Park in August of 2005. This wasn’t a survival backpacking trip, like Johan enjoyed occasionally on his own, this was a celebration of Jenna’s recent high school graduation, and a last chance for them to get together for an outing before she headed off to college the following month. Their day consisted of splashing in creeks, watching and filming birds and other wildlife, and taking in the spectacular scenery of one of the country’s most beloved natural treasures. But the day took a dark turn when they encountered the one situation every backpacker dreads, an animal attack. In this case, they were not just dealing with any animal…they were face to face with a wild grizzly bear. After rounding a corner, Jenna found on the other side of the 20-foot-tall Boulder the bear and its two cubs. Johan stepped up and took the brunt of the animal attack, being knocked unconscious and separated from his daughter. A second attack was as brutal as the first, and left him virtually incapacitated, leaving his daughter to now get him to safety and medical attention. Read the whole story here.

Time is Running Out

Other times an animal attack is so sudden that you might not even have time to think about it before it’s already happened. Such is the story of Lorrain Johnson, 50, who didn’t realize when she woke up that day that she would later be playing a game of beat the clock with her own body, but that’s exactly what happened. She had always heard that a rattlesnake will give a loud warning by shaking its tail before it strikes, but on this day, 23 April 2010, at 4 p.m., that warning never came. While backpacking in Franklin Canyon Park, just north of Los Angeles, the viper, camouflaged in the trailside brush, leapt out and attacked. She had stepped directly on the tail of the snake without realizing it. As she looked down stunned, watching her attacker slither away, she knew that she didn’t have much time. Being of slight stature, only 5’4”, it didn’t take long for the toxins to begin racing through her system. Her body started to shut down, the Mojave Green Rattler had that had bit her packed a serious punch and it was a long way back to help. She made it, but had to be resuscitated twice on the way to the emergency room by paramedics. Her experience and skills as a hiker, let her survive this unfortunate chance encounter with one of the deadliest snakes on the planet, right in the backyard of a massive urban landscape. Read the whole tale here.

Final Destination?

When Juliane Koepcke board LANSA flight 508, she was aware that her flight might experience some turbulence. There was a weather system in the areas, but she didn’t give it any mind, she has a veteran flyer and was used to plans flying through rough weather. What she wasn’t expecting was that her plane would be hit by a massive lightning bolt that would damage all systems and cause the plane to break apart in midair. She soon found herself tumbling through the air, head over feet as she hurtled toward the earth, toward the Peruvian rainforest, that was below her. She was still strapped into her seat when the chair was cushioned by the jungle canopy, she had a rough ride to the jungle floor, but somehow managed to land with only a broken collar bone. After she regained consciousness and got herself to her feet, she managed to find a stream that she followed for nine days, carefully plodding through the forest till she reached a small village where a peace Corp team got her to safety. She was the only survivor of the flight and most of the other bodies were never found.

Now That’s A Real Great Escape

Slavomir Rawicz was a Polish officer who had been, along with several others, sentenced unjustly to a Siberian work camp. He had no intention of spending 25 years in the dreadful place, stripped to his underwear, living on bare rations and working himself to death for war crimes he had not committed. Instead, he and six others managed to secret away some clothing and then escaped from the camp. They began their arduous trek, one that would take them more than 4000 miles through rough terrain, covering The Gobi Desert, The Siberian Tundra, and finally though Tibet and over the Himalayas, until they reached British India where they were able to get asylum, and assistance getting back to Poland eventually. The trip took more than 9 months, and the men had only the things they were able to scavenge or find to survive with. Miraculously, they all managed to make it to India, and went on to have productive lives once reunited with their families.

A Hairline Between Life and Death

We have all seen videos of the destructive and unstoppable power of an avalanche, but Conor Lodge, 22 and Adam Herman, 24, know firsthand what it is like to live through one. The two men, along with their longtime friends Rich and Tristen were hiking down Mount Washington, in New Hampshire, and were passing through Tuckerman Ravine when the foursome decided to split up so that each pair could journey at their own pace and enjoy the passing of the day in their own way. They had decided that at the fork in the trail they would meet up once more to finish the journey down as a group. It was a good plan until the ground decided to flatten out beneath the feet of Adam and Conor. All of a sudden, they were being spilt down the mountainside in a blur of white. When it was over, Adam could see a boot sticking out of the snow. The force of the impact had taken it off his foot. He was soon found by Adam, who seemed at first unscathed, except for the fact he had no idea who Adam was. The impact had concussed him, and he was suffering from concussive amnesia, a condition which Adam, in his experience, knew would pass in a short time as long as he could keep Conor awake. Soon the two were having to wait it out as they hoped Rich and Tristen were getting help as fast as possible. “I’m at peace with dying,” Conor said to Adam as they waited in the snow, but this was not a day to die and they managed to stay alive, with a massive concussion for Conor and a broken arm and fractured back for Adam, till they could be rescued. Their fall was estimated at more than 800 feet, but through friendship, they managed to survive. Read the whole tale here. These stories of survival show that no matter how badly the odds are stacked against us, no matter no insurmountable the obstacle may be, that you can overcome and endure if your will to live is strong enough. Proper preparedness and training can also go a long way to helping you survive even the most dangerous of situations. The important thing is to keep your wits about you, stay focused, and above all else never give up.

Emergency Flashlights

When it comes to emergency situations there are many things you need to help you be prepared. Each emergency situation is different and will call for different things but no matter the circumstance you find yourself in you are going to need a good flashlight. Flashlights can be used for a number of different things or reasons. You can send off distress signals from them, temporarily disorient or blind another person or animal and of course they can help you find your way.

Not every flashlight that you pull off of the shelf is going to have the same benefits as the next flashlight. Buying a regular flashlight that takes any kind of batteries can be great when you have to look for something quickly or you don’t plan on using your flashlight for a long time. If you are looking for a flashlight that will help you with an emergency situation or you are needing a strong beam flashlight for hunting, camping or another situation like it you are definitely going to need something different. Each situation can call for something different but there are great flashlights that can cover many different light situations.

Best Tactical Flashlight

Fenix Flashlights FX-PD35TAC Flashlight

The best tactical flashlight is the Fenix Flashlights FX-PD35TAC flashlight. The price is under $60 and can shine a maximum distance of 656 feet. This flashlight has 6 output modes up to 1000 lumens and is made of aircraft grade aluminum. It can be submerged up to 6.5 feet for 30 minutes.

The Fenix Flashlight has a memory circuit that allows it to enter the last mode that it was in on the previous use. The CREE LEDs give these flashlights a lifespan of up to 50,000 hours. It has two different modes it can be used in, outdoor mode and tactical mode. This flashlight is also a pocket sized product making it easy for anyone to carry. This is the best tactical flashlight on market for it’s all around abilities.

Tactical Flashlights

Tactical flashlights are usually the flashlights that police, military or marksman. These kinds of flashlights can be used along with their gun to easily sight a target. Tactical flashlights also all for the user to blind temporarily a person or animal. Tactical flashlights are small enough that they can be kept in a glove compartment of a car or put in a first-aid kit. Women could even carry one of these flashlights in their purses to use as form of non lethal security device.

Tactical flashlights can be handheld or they can be mounted on a weapon. The handheld tactical lights are usually used along with hand guns and the mounted kind are used more so with rifles, shotguns or machine guns. Lithium batteries are usually used in tactical flashlights because they have a long shelf life, work well in cold temperatures and are less likely to leak than alkaline batteries. Tactical flashlights can also have their lenses switched out for colored lenses. Red can be used for night vision and blue can be used to find blood.

Military Flashlight

Surefire G2X Series LED Flashlights with Tough Nitrolon Body

The Surefire G2X flashlights come in 4 different colors, black, desert tan, forest green and yellow. They also come in 4 different styles, pro, tactical, combatlight and law enforcement. This military flashlight has a tough Nitrolon body, anodized aluminum bezel, and tough polycarbonate window to resists impact.

It puts off 600 lumens of bright light. It comes with 2 lithium batteries and has a shelf life of 10 years. This flashlight has a wide range of temperatures that it can be used within and it is a small bodied flashlight that can easily fit in the palm of someone’s hand. This military flashlight are also fairly lightweight so you can handle them easily.

Military Flashlights

Military flashlights are flashlights that meant to work along with a weapon. Military flashlights are usually mounted flashlights that are also tactical flashlights. They are meant to able to withstand impacts. They can be submerged in water to a certain degree.

Military grade flashlights are flashlights that are more durable against impacts and are going to be tougher body wise than everyday flashlights. Because these flashlights can take stress being applied to them, can be submerged in water and can withstand varies temperatures they would be great flashlights for people who are hunting or people who fish.

Best LED Flashlight

Streamlight 74751 Strion LED High Lumen Rechargeable Professional Flashlight with 120-Volv AC/12-Volt DC Charger and 1 Charger Holder – 500 Lumens

The Steamlight 74751 Strion LED High Lumen Rechargeable Professional Flashlight is the best LED flashlight in the market. There are 8 different styles that it can be bought as, depending on what you need as far as charging it. The rechargeable battery is a lithium battery and is rechargeable up to 1000 times. It has a wide beam output and has a beam distance of 656 feet or 200 meters.

It will not roll when set down, meaning it will stay where it is put. It has 4 light output modes, high for a super-bright beam (run time 1 hour), medium for bright light and longer run times (2 hours), low for light without glare and extended run times (3.5 hours) and strobe for disorienting or signaling your location (run time 2.5 hours). It has a durable anodized aluminum construction and a knurled body for a sure grip. The strength of the light output and distance of this flashlight makes it the best LED flashlight available.

Best Emergency Flashlight

Fenix RC40 Rechargeable LED Flashlight – 6000 Lumens

The Fenix RC40 Rechargeable LED flashlight is a powerful flashlight. It utilizes six of the latest Cree XM-L2(U2) LEDs with a lifespan of 50,000 hours. It has five modes of operations plus Strobe and SOS. At the turbo it puts off 6000 Lumens for an 1 hr of runtime, at the high level it puts off 4000 Lumens for 1 hr. 50 min. The mid level puts off 2000 Lumens and runs for 4 hr. 5 min., the low level puts off 500 Lumens and will run for18 hr. 15 min. The eco level puts off 45 Lumens and can run for 125 hr., the strobe level puts off 6000 Lumens and the Sos level puts off 500 Lumens.

This flashlight has a beam angle of 90 degrees and a beam distance of 2395 feet or 730 meters. This flashlight is great for search and rescue because of the powerful beam and distance that it covers. It is made of durable aircraft quality aluminum and comes with a shoulder strap. This flashlight is rechargeable and is plugged in when not in use. An internal circuit system exists so it doesn’t overheat, overcharge or over-discharge. It also comes with a car charger and ac charger so it plugged in wherever it’s needed.

Most Powerful Flashlight

The most powerful flashlight on the market is the Flash Torch Flashlight from Wicked Lasers. This flashlight puts off 4,100 lumens and it’s so powerful that it can light a fire or cook an egg. Can be used as a wide floodlight or a searchlight. This is a halogen lamp and it has the ability to last for 2,000 hours of use.

These are incredibly strong flashlights and they can and will set things on fire if the substance is close to it and the heat is focused on that product. It has a rechargeable battery that allows for the flashlight to be plugged in to charge instead of removing the battery. There is also an automatic lock-out feature which makes it so the flashlight isn’t accidentally turned on. If you are interested in this flashlight know that they cost closer to $200 and the amount of distance that they cover isn’t known.

Different other emergency flashlights

There are so many different types of flashlights available for consumers to purchase. There are the flashlights that are mentioned above, which are the military, tactical and LED flashlights but there are many other types of flashlights in the market.

There is the American Red Cross Blackout Buddy the Emergency LED Flashlight that acts as both a flashlight when being used and a nightlight when just normally plugged in. This flashlight will light up the second a power outrage is known to it. It will stay light for 4 hours and the flashlight has 3 LED lights for maximum brightness. There is even a model of this flashlight that you can use to charge your cellphone in an emergency.

There is also the LifeLight LED Emergency Flashlight Car Window Breaker Seatbelt Cutter which is a hand crank flashlight. Hand crank flashlights are great when the flashlight might be sitting for long periods not getting used and you don’t have to worry about if you charged the batteries or if the batteries are even good in the flashlight. This flashlight is meant to be kept in the car glove compartment because you can use it can break your window, cut your seat belt, it’s water resistant and works as an emergency phone charger.

The Insignia LED Penlight is a pen length flashlight that a person can carry in their purse or in their pocket. It can be used for up to 3 hours of emergency light. You have a beam distance of 30 meters or 98 feet and it is fairly inexpensive. It is lightweight and durable, just in case you drop it. This flashlight uses 3 AAA batteries that come with it. It has a 45 lumens light output to put off a powerful light.

The  Internova 1000 LED Camping Lantern is a lantern/flashlight. It has a massive brightness with fully adjustable 360 arc lighting. It can be used in an emergency, for backpacking, in construction work areas, for hiking, auto work, in the home and in a college dorm room. This lantern flashlight puts off 1000 lumens and is water resistant. It can be run for five hours non-stop and it’s durable body makes it a great light for bad weather. Within it you can choose between brilliant white for ultimate brightness, red LED’s for stargazing at night, or the built in red SOS function to keep you and your family safe during an emergency. This flashlight takes 4 D cell batteries, but they don’t come with it.

In an emergency a flashlight can be one of the most useful tools you’ll have available. If the lights go out you can use a flashlight to light the way to find your way around or to find different objects. If you are stuck on the side of the road, a flashlight can be used to flag down other drivers or help shine the light on what the problem might be with your vehicle. If you are camping and need to find your way then a flashlight can help you to see your surroundings and even help you be aware of any close by animals. A good flashlight can be one of the best purchases when it comes to your emergency supplies and an easy thing to make sure is available at all times. With so many different flashlights available you truly just need to know what your needs are. Do you need an emergency flashlight for your car, definitely. Do you live in an area where you will need an emergency flashlight to help out when the lights or power goes out, definitely. And if you are someone who may be a part of a neighborhood watch or you are a person who helps with search and rescue you are definitely going to need a good flashlight. Thankfully, there are no shortage of flashlights available and with some they can even help you charge your cellphone in an emergency.

Types of Survival Knives: What’s Best For You?

Survival knives can be a vitally important tool in a variety of situations. Whether roughing it in the woods or prepping for the worst, a good Tactical pocket knife will serve you through thick and thin. While it’s easy to get lost in the claims of the Best pocket knife brands, all clamoring the benefits of their survival knives, it’s important to do the research in order to find the best Tactical pocket knife for you. You have to put aside all the claims of the Best pocket knife brands, and figure out which of the many types of survival knife on the market is going to fulfill your needs.

Boot Knife

A boot knife is exactly what it says on thee label: a Tactical pocket knife designed to be easily concealed in a boot. Boot knives are easy to conceal, both because of their namesake hiding spot, and because they can also be slipped into a belt, under a pant leg, or worn around the neck. Typically, these knives are double-edged and up to five inches long, boot knives are not the best candidate for a primary survival knife. However, boot knives are incredibly easy to conceal and carry naturally in places that are ease of access, making them a prime candidate for a trusted backup knife for situations where you might find yourself backed into a corner. After all, nature isn’t the only thing you can brandish a knife at for your own protection and a boot knife would be an excellent go to when confronted by mugger or some other threat to your personal safety. The same might be said of any knife, but the boot knife has the strength in concealment to back it up.

Buck Hunting (Survival) Knife

The buck knife is an excellent multipurpose knife that can help you skin, chop, build, or defend yourself. Featuring a fixed blade, making them overall a sturdier choice when it comes to wear and tear, the buck knife was not intended for hunting, but rather for skinning the game once it’s down for the count. While intended for hunting originally, a buck knife features a slightly thicker blade than normal hunting knives in order to be used for chopping, building, or other tasks necessary in a survival situation.

Combat Survival Knife

A simple fact: everyone runs out of bullets eventually. Which means military enthusiasts might be interested in a combat survival knife. Used by every level of the armed forces, a combat survival knife is designed to be handy in a variety of situations. This type of knife is designed to be durable so that it can be a long lasting useful tool that can safe a life in a sticky situation. Whether you’re on the battlefield or out in the back country, a combat knife will likely serve you exceptionally well through a variety of hairy situations.

Military Survival Knife

Another option for military enthusiasts is any of the preferred knifes of the U.S. Military. The branches tend to have their own unique choices for standard issue military knives, so there’s a decent selection to choose from. The official USMC fighting knife is a 7″ Ka-Bar knife, for example. A gun is easily the most obvious tool when it comes to soldiers, but a fixed blade knife has so many more uses in situations where a gun simply is not effective. A gun can suffer from breakdown or running out of ammunition. A good, fixed blade knife isn’t going to have those issues. A Military survival knife can be used for everything from digging a hole to food preparation. A knife can easily help a soldier survive on the battlefield, or help you through an intense camping trip deep in the wilderness.

Rambo Survival Knife

A Rambo knife is most often a hollow handle survival knife with a serrated edge. The Rambo knife rose to popularity in part due to the movies, in which Vietnam veteran John Rambo is seen through out them wielding a large survival knife. The movie series not only associates this survival knife with a paragon of survival and masculinity, but displays many uses of the survival knife throughout the series.

Folding Survival Knife

When it comes to durability and reliability, a folding survival knife isn’t the first on the tongue, but when it comes to convenience you’ll be hard pressed to find anything superior to it. What folding survival knives lack in strength, they make up for by being able to slip easily into a pocket. Perfect for the gap where carrying a large survival knife simply isn’t feasible, a folding survival knife is perfect for having on hand. After all, having a knife on you and not needing it is better than not having one with you when it turns out that you do need it.

Tactical Knife

A tactical knife is one knife where you don’t want to compromise on quality because it must work both as a tool and as a weapon. Designed with the intent to be useful in completing household chores or parachuting into a thick jungle in the dead of night,a tactical knife is a reliable tool to have on hand. Another knife that was designed with our troops in mind, tactical knives may not be exciting to look at, but they are designed to last and offer a variety of materials that will let you cater to how much abuse your knife takes and how often you want to sharpen in. These knives are less likely to break in a life or death situation, and will serve you well throughout their life.

Tanto Knife

Even though the Tanto Knife style was popularized in the eighties by Cold Steel, the history can be traced back to Japan where it was a traditional blade designed to pierce armor. Also known as the Japanese short sword, the tanto knife resembles a samurai sword and is strong enough to withstand repeated use. It features a reinforced end that makes the blade incredibly strong and the knife tip incredibly difficult to damage. Since the tanto knife is based after the traditional blade, it stands to reason that this knife inherited some of the piercing skills that it’s history boasts and can easily hold up to tasks that another survival knife might not be up to. The tip has a chisel like effect to it that is perfect for prying or scraping. Cold Steel continues to produced the highest quality of tanto knives on the market.

The Ultimate Survival Knife and Survival Knife Kits

The Best pocket knife brands might try and lay claim to the title of Ultimate Survival Knife, but that’s a title that comes with a lot of personal opinions attached to it. For example, a survival knife kit is a knife that comes with a sheath and a hollow handle with as screw on cap that can store items such as a compass, matches with striking pad, fish hooks with leader, wire ring saw, and a sharpening stone. However, this quantity of useful items come at the price of quality, and such knives are often poorly made and won’t last you a very long time. Sacrificing durability for convenience might be the best choice for you. On the other hand, a durable and strong survival knife might be exactly what you’ve been searching for.

The ultimate survival knife is the knife that you feel will best serve you through the variety of tasks you might need it for. There are several key factors to keep in mind when choosing the knife that will become your ultimate survival knife. When you start to shop for your ultimate survival knife, it would be wise to keep these six details in mind:

1. Size

the size of the blade will greatly influence what you can use the blade for. As stated earlier, the boot knife is only five inches long on average at the maximum. In survival you want a blade that’s small enough to be precise but big enough to complete more rugged tasks like chopping. The usual length you should be keeping in mind is nine to eleven inches, because that will give you the widest usage range.

2. Blade

You can get a folding blade knife, but as stated several times already you’ll be trading durability for convenience. A fixed blade has a much stronger lead in durability when it comes to the long haul, especially when it comes to tasks like chopping, batoning, and splitting. A fixed blade will stand up better to abuse than a folding knife will. Ultimately, a folding knife will break on you if you use it enough for survival. While great for day to day carry, a fixed blade knife is much better than a folding blade when it comes to the more intense side of survival.

3. Tang

The tang is the part of the blade that is wrapped in the handle. There are full tangs, partial tangs, rat tail tangs, and hidden tangs available, but the best choice for survival is commonly cited as the full tang. With a full tang, you can see traces of the metal all around the handle, where as the other three don’t most as much metal in the handle. This makes a major difference in durability, and a knife with a full tang is going to be much sturdier than a knife with a partial or hidden tang. A full tang knife can also be salvaged better than a partial tang in the chance that the handle breaks off. A partial tang with a broken handle can become dangerous and inadvisable to use, but a full tang can be wrapped in cord and continue working as well as before the handle broke. The price goes up with a full tang, but it’s a price increases that pays off in the end by amplifying durability and longevity.

4. Tips

The tip of the knife can make a huge difference. While it might be tempting to get a knife that has a cool design to the blade, the levels of badassery you feel the knife gives you aren’t worth it when the blade turns out to sacrifice function in order to be unique. When it comes to a decent survival knife, you’re probably not looking for something that would be better suited as a Halloween accessory. You’ll find a trustworthy and useful tip in a spearpoint or drop point. Sacrificing the funky style of a blade for the more classic spearpoint or drop point means you’ll fare better when using your knife for self defense or when you’re using your knife for fine point work.

5. Blade Type

There are three main types of blade that have their own unique benefits and detriments, and can be matched together with ease. Double Edged knives, straight edged knives, and serrated knives each have their own strengths when it comes to survival, but for certain tasks like batoning a straight edged knife is preferable. A straight edge or single edged knife has a flat side that you can use in batoning or for detailed control without worry of loosing cutting power or slicing your hand open. While double edge and serrated blades offer a cool look to them without sacrificing durability and usefulness too much, the straight edge still has a strong lead against them.

6. Butt of Handle

The blade isn’t the only part of the knife that can be used as a tool. The butt of the handle can be an excellent substitute for a light hammer. The best option is a flat butt when it comes to knives, because having the option to use your knife as a hammer will let you drive stakes into the ground with ease and use your life like a punch by hitting the bottom of it with a chunk of wood. a hammer is a useful tool to have, and styling your knife to act as a substitute for a knife means you’ll have one less item to carry with you or worry about in an emergency situation.

At the end of it all, there is a lot to consider when you’re choosing the survival knife of your dreams. Whether you’re a military-grade enthusiast, a knife collector, or a seasoned survivalist used to roughing it in the deep wilderness, there is a survival knife that can fit all your desires possible. While the options on the market might seem overwhelming at times and it might be tempting to grab a knife that has strong advertising and branding, doing your research in order to find the best possible knife for you will always pay out.

The 20 Best Survival Shelters and Tents for Emergency

Some of the best survival shelters come in different sizes and packages. Emergency shelter is a must in times of extreme conditions when Mother Nature turns loose. The best tents and shelters have all the safety features to keep the people inside safe from danger. Here are twenty of the best survival shelters and some of the best tents to have in an emergency.

Allegro Economy Work Tent

These tents are designed for industrial sites. It is quick to set up and secure. The bottom has four overlapping corners for security and stability. There is no floor inside the tent because it is used in work areas such as excavation sites or placed over a manhole cover. It provides the best possible shelter for workers who have to endure the inclement weather patterns on a daily basis.

Allegro Deluxe Work Tent

This is the second type of tent made for workers who have to work in confined spaces. It is used over manhole covers or excavation sites. For entry, there is a roll-up flap and it is convenient for setting up and storing. The frame is made of fiberglass so the fabric does not tear. It has a pitched roof making it easy for the workers to walk underneath. There are rods and hinges for the frame which are made of steel for added stability. The tent has a covered window in the back with a blower duct tube for anyone working in the confined space area. This work tent has the option of a single or double door and two sizes, 6′ X 6′ or 8′ X 8′.

Life Systems Survival Shelter 2

This tent works well for all campers or anyone who may be stranded in the middle of nowhere. It holds up to two people inside, and it can be a lifesaver in emergency situations. If anyone is caught by the cold weather, it creates a warm internal microclimate for the bi-standards. It is bright orange in color, so it is easy to spot from afar. This is one of the best tents for hikers who may get in a bind when the temperatures drop.

Tube Tents

Tube Tents are one-piece tents which are well insulated, they have floors, and are easy to spot with its bright orange color. The insulation is an aluminized coating and the fabric is nylon. It is designed to set up in between post or trees and comes with 23′ of rope and 4 – 9″ stakes made of zinc-plated steel. The dimensions are 82″ X 36″ and sleep, two people. Tube tents come in handy for emergency shelters and camping.

Military Army Outdoor Large BaseCamp Tent

These tents are used to house the military and are capable of sleeping six people comfortably. The frame is made of steel, and there are two entrances with four screened windows for keeping the bugs out. There is a thick 100% polyethylene groundsheet to the tent which adds to the comfort for our military. It is waterproof with the seams taped up and the outer is made with polyester which is polyurethane coated. The dimensions are 340x310x180cm and weighs 20kg. There is a water column flysheet which is 1500mm. This tent is made specifically for the military but anyone can purchase and use it to fit their outdoor needs.

Vango Storm Shelter 800

This is one of the most durable shelters created and they are perfect for hikers in the toughest weather conditions. This shelter holds 8 people safely, and it is bright orange in color with reflectors. It has a porthole for the persons inside to check the weather conditions outside. The seams are taped, and the shelter is completely waterproof from the floor to the roof. There are flysheet vents with mesh to eliminate condensation and add ventilation inside the emergency shelter. It can be placed on the ground in wet conditions and remain dry inside. This shelter can be set up within one minute and has thick insulation to keep the interior warm in the coldest temperatures.

Rab Bothy 2 Person Group Shelter

This shelter is made from waterproof and windproof polyester fabric and has seats on the inside which are also waterproof. It holds 2 people and is used for camping and emergency situations. There are vents and windows to keep ventilation going and for checking weather conditions. The color is bright orange with reflective piping for visibility.

Rab Bothy Group Shelter

When traveling anywhere in large groups, this shelter is adequate for any situation. It holds eight to ten people and has the same features as the 2 person group shelter. The shelter is windproof and waterproof. It is easy to unpack and pack into its stuff sack. The roof has recesses and the sides have windows and vents for the proper ventilation. The color is also bright orange so it can be spotted in bad weather or fog. The entire group can remain comfortable while waiting out a storm or waiting for the sun to come up. It is well insulated to keep the warm in and the cold out so everyone can stay safe.

Mylar Emergency Shelter Backpacking Tent

Used as a blanket and a tent, this can be a cheap lifesaver. The Mylar Tent is under ten bucks. It is lightweight and silver in color. When used with a sleeping bag, this tent makes a good shelter and keeps the body warm. The tent is made for all four seasons, and the dimensions are 96″ X 60.”

Star Home Pop Up Tent

Nothing can go faster than 5 seconds. That is how long it takes to set up this family tent. All windows and the door has a mesh covering to keep the bugs out and ventilation in. This tent has a double door for the entrance. It is designed for 3 seasons only and is not meant for use during the cold seasons. Space inside hold three to four people comfortably and it is made high quality and long lasting. There are a few choices for the colors only as it comes in blue and black or yellow and black.

Core Cabin Tent

This tent can be set up in sixty seconds flat. It is ideal for the family or a large friendly gathering and holds up to nine people. Two queen sized mattresses can easily fit inside and are the perfect height for anyone to stand up comfortably. The outer material is waterproof and it has an adjustable vent on the ground. Inside there are dividers for separate rooms and the walls have pockets for storing stuff and keeping everything organized. It comes with all the setup devices and has a port for an electrical cord which closes when it is not in use.

Coleman Montana Tent

This tent holds up to eight people comfortably and comes in blue, black, and green. The dimensions are 16’x17’x74,” and all the poles are made of fiberglass which keeps everything lightweight. It is shaped like a dome when setup and has reverse angle windows. There is a port for an electrical cord to be used that closes when not in use. Seams are inverted to keep the rain and morning dew from coming inside. The tent is great for families and large friendly gatherings out in the woods and has a one-year manufacturer warranty.

Core Instant Cabin Tent

This tent is designed to hold up to 12 people comfortably and the name says it all. It is an “instant” set up. In less than two minutes this tent is ready for use. There is mesh on the ceiling with a water repellent rainfly. This allows the parties to enjoy the moon and stars at night without all the bugs and can keep the people inside dry when it is raining. There is an air intake vent which is adjustable for soaking up the cool air from the ground while the warm air escapes the mesh ceiling. Two doors come with the tent. One is in the front and the other is on the side of the tent. There are also room dividers for the multiple people, and it comes with a one-year limited warranty.

Core Dome Tent

This tent is made of polyester and holds six people comfortably. There is a ground vent which is adjustable and has a hook to hold a lantern for light. It also comes with pockets for storage and organizing and it has a one-year limited warranty.

Frabill Citadel Insulated Ice Shelter

Perfect for ice fishing, these shelters are made with a two-door SideStep Entry. This shelter holds two to three fisherman or women, and it has a thermo-formed base to keep the warmth inside. It has a lightweight alloy frame, and the weight is kept to a minimum in its structure but still remains durable and warm inside.

Eskimo Pop-Up Ice Shelter

This shelter is known as the very first pop up ice shelter which is used for ice fishing or for anyone who is stuck in freezing temperatures. It is quick and easy to set up and holds up to six people comfortably.

Eskimo EVO Crossover Ice Shelter

Most shelters have metal poles for the frames. This shelter is easy to set up and move around with fiberglass poles. It holds only one person who is interested in ice fishing. There is an open area for the entrance and is mostly placed where it can block the wind. It has four corner flaps which make it easy to secure to the ground.

TornadoSafe Underground Garage Shelter

Many of the best survival shelters are portable. This one, however, is not. Not many buildings can survive natural disasters such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and earthquakes. This shelter makes a huge difference whether a person can survive a natural disaster or not. It is meant to be kept nearby the home and underground. The features are heavy duty steel. There is a secondary hatch to enter or exit in case of emergencies. Seven people are able to fit comfortably inside and everything has been tested for durability and impact tested. It is leak proof, vacuum tested, pressure tested, and has a built-in ventilation system on the door.

Storm Shelter Underground Bunker

The dimensions of this shelter are 8’x20’x6.’ It has a 10-year warranty for any corrosion or leaks and the structure has 1/4″ steel all the way around. The bunker is able to withstand an EF5 tornado and is up to par with FEMA standards. There is a seal around the door and a deadbolt lock for security. The vent caps have screens to keep debris from flying inside the bunker, and shelves or hooks can be added as an additional option for an extra cost. There are two doors on each side of the bunker, and the door is gas assisted for easy lifting. The interior is gray and the outside is a charcoal color.

Safe Room Storm Shelter

The dimensions to this shelter are 42″X6,’ and it is kept inside a business, camp, or home. It is capable to withstand an EF5 tornado and winds up to 250mph. The structure can hold two to three people, and it was tested for durability at the Texas Tech University’s Wind Research Lab. It has a 3/16 steel plate all the way around and is oval in shape. There is an 8″ air vent for ventilation, and the door is channel reinforced with three hinges which are heavy duty.

Owning Emergency Shelters A person never knows when severe weather can strike. So it is wise to be prepared for the worse and look into owning one. These shelters are vital along with survival kits and have been proven to save lives.

Crucial Survival Gear

Survival gear isn’t just for adventures who like to delve deep into the wilderness. It’s an insurance policy.

What would you do in a survival situation? Do you have everything you would need to keep yourself alive? From necessary tools to bedding to food, there are certain things that will help you last for months and years if you use them correctly. The best survival kit will be tailored to your needs, while also keeping in mind some of the essentials like emergency food. Stocking up on survival gear is an important step to protecting yourself and your family. In addition, you want to store and pack your gear so that it’s easy to get to when you need it the most.

Even if that emergency never arrives, you’ll still be the owner of some amazing gear.

So what types of survival gear are most important?

1. Emergency Kits

There are a variety of emergency survival kits, and they are made for people with any kind of need. You can buy one for everyone in your family, as well as specific types of kits, such as kits for the desert or swamp. Some of these emergency kits include just the basics, which is all you need. A disaster preparedness kit may look different depending on what type of disaster you want to gear up for. As always, the best survival kit is going to have things in it that you need for your own survival, too. This includes things like prescriptions or eyeglasses.

Typical and advanced kits include things like:

  •  Backpack
  •  Flashlights
  •  Good knife
  •  Multi-tool
  •  Water
  •  Non-perishable food items
  •  Battery-powered or hand-cranked radio
  •  First aid kits
  •  Dust masks
  •  Waterproof containers
  •  Pliers, wrench, screwdriver, and other tools
  •  Cell phone with solar charger
  •  Moist towelettes, garbage bags, and plastic ties
  •  Flares
  •  Water purifying tablets
  •  Waterproof matches

There are some extras that you should think about when building your own kit.

  •  Prescription medications
  •  Feminine supplies
  •  Sleeping bag
  •  Warm blankets
  •  Pet food and supplies
  •  Infant formula and baby food
  •  Eyeglasses
  •  Non-prescription medication
  •  Fire extinguisher
  •  Emergency reference materials and resources

The best survival kit also offers a good way to get started and at least have the basics on-hand in case something happens.

2. Water Filters and Tablets

Water is going to be a major issue if you run into a survival situation in the woods. It could be a long time before you find clean water, and you may not be able to boil any water either. In this case, you can purchase something like the Katadyn MyBottle microfilter water bottle.

In addition, you may want to buy water disinfecting tablets. When you run across water in the wild, you never know what kind of parasites and bacteria could be living in it. Katadyn also makes Micropur tablets. You can also get iodine tablets from Portable Aqua to ensure that your water is free of pathogens. Of the two products, Portable Aqua’s iodine tablets have a much longer shelf life.

3. Emergency Food

There are a lot of brands out there that sell ration bars, freeze-dried packs, and other survival food. You can actually get large supplies of freeze-dried foods, such as chicken and rice, and other meals from the Wise Company. This is probably the best resource for long-term emergency food. It’s one of the best ways to get food for weeks of survival all at once. Wise Company’s food packs span breakfast and dinner entrees, so you can actually get decent-tasting food.

UST Survival Rations are also a good choice for those times when you can’t cook and just need to eat something. These taste like apple cinnamon oatmeal, so it’s not too bad. Plus, you don’t need to each much of it to survive.

4. Shelter and Sleep

You may want to pack your own tent, but you should think about the best situation for your family. You may want a large vestibule tent with a rain fly. You may also look at one-person shelter solutions, such as the SOL Bivvy. The SOL Emergency Bivvy is a sleeping bag that is made from polyethylene, which means it won’t rip or tea. It keeps in 90 percent of your body heat while also protecting you from extreme cold. You can also seal the sleeping bag for when it rains or snows. Despite all of this comfort, it’s still quite light.

The Sundome 2-person tent is another great idea if you want quick shelter. It spans across 7 by 5 feet and it comfortably fits two full-sized adults. You’ll be able to keep out all of the moisture with the 75 denier fly as well.

Perhaps you want to pack more than one tent or need a smaller tent idea to go in your backpack. In these situations, you can go with the Sharp Survival emergency shelter tent. While it won’t last very long in extreme conditions, it will get through most nights and protect you from rain. It’s small, lightweight, and easily folders into a miniature size to carry with you.

Go Time also sells the Life Tent, which is an emergency tube tent that you can set up with rope to ensure that you have a quick place to get out of the sun and rain.

So you don’t cold, why not invest in a 2-sided Mylar survival blanket? These blankets lay light as feather over your body while keeping you completely warm and protected. They re also tear-resistant and quite affordable.

5. Headlamp

If you don’t own a headlamp, you’re missing out! The headlamp is something that every outdoor survivalist knows is vital to get around in the dark and cloudy days. Headlamps enable you to illuminate wherever you look, leaving you free to work with your hands. Olympi’s Explorer headlamp is one of the better designs and it comes recommended from outdoor lovers. In addition, it doesn’t cost a fortune.

Headlamps allow you to cook in camp at night or early morning, and work under the hood of a truck or head into caves with a safety light. The headlamp comes with a 550 lumens light, and the beam can reach 135 meters. There is even a distress strobe function.

6. Portable Stove

You may have a pot in mind or a makeshift stove, but you can spend a few dollars and get the Mustang of camp stoves. Jetboil is an incredible product that allows you to quickly boil and cook all types of food without a big, huge pot or stove. It’s lightweight and made to use blended fuel, and it works in all types of situations, even when it’s extremely cold. It’s also one of the most convenient miniature stoves to carry with you, because it’s so lightweight.

7. Communication Device

You definitely want to keep yourself in communication with other people during survival times. In a true survival scenario, you will need a shortwave radio or cell phone with solar power charger to ensure that you can make calls. The radio is a better buy, and you can use it as a LED light, USB charger, and radio. You can also get a crank radio that only requires your physical strength to power it.

8. Solar Power

With a solar power battery charger, you can do all kinds of things. We are truly living in an age where solar power can save you in multiple ways if you are truly in an emergency situation. You can use it to power up your devices, stove, lights, and heated blankets. There are a ton of solar battery powered survival tools as well, such as the 9-in-1 Roadside HERO flash light or the 7627 Solar Wireless Radio.

9. First Aid Kits

When it comes to medical treatment, you can’t go wrong with a basic first aid kit. However, you can find everything in the latest kits online. These include way more than just gauze and tape usually. A disaster preparedness kit is likely to have a few of these items as well. Basic first aid kits typically come with the following:

  •  Antiseptic wipes
  •  Multiple bandages
  •  Scissors
  •  Sunscreen
  •  Bandaids
  •  Gauze
  •  Medical tape
  •  Burn cream
  •  Antibiotic cream
  •  Sting wipes
  •  Single use saline
  •  Eye bandages
  •  SInus and congestion medicine

Want to make sure you have everything for you and maybe a lot of other people? The Uline First Aid Kit is the ultimate choice with enough supplies to treat 250 people.

10. Fire Starters

When you have to make a fire, you don’t want to waste time or energy trying to do it the old-fashioned way, especially when you could just have WetFire products. Each cube is just .16 ounces and can burn up to 10 minutes for around 1,300 degrees Fahrenheit. Wet cubes can even work in windy and watery conditions. Made of wax, these cubes are great to feature in survival classes as well due to how they float and burn even in chips. You can use these chips to start fires in the wild and make them last for weeks.

11. Sanitation and Hygiene

Travel size toothpaste and shampoos are a lifesaver in a survival situation, but you should also think about hand sanitizer, Gold Bond, or even a portable, “Tote-able” toilet or just the toilet seat and lid. These are able to fit over any bucket, so you can quickly do your business. However, if you want to save some money, you can always try hygiene and dental kits from

12. Storage and Tools

You want to be able to pick up and go at a moment’s notice. There are always some tools and gear that will make your survival more successful. For example, you should always have a multifunctional tool, such as a Swiss Army Knife. In addition, it’s a good idea to have a Fox 40 Whistle and UST StarFlash Signal Mirror. These are helpful if you get lost or want to find others nearby. You can use the whistle and mirror to signal people to your location, and the mirror can beam a ray of sunlight up to 10 miles away.

In addition to a multifunctional tool, you should get a good survival knife. You can start with the Swedish FireKnife. While some may say that a larger hunter knife is better, this knife is all you need. It’s a 3.5-inch blade crafted from stainless steel. It also has a fire starter rod and can provide 5,400-degree Fahrenheit sparks with one strike.

13. Smart Gadgets

You may never know when the survival kit you build is going to come in handy. With a goTenna, you can use your smartphone to send GPS coordinates and texts even if your cell phone service goes out. The goTenna app will also send your coordinates to authorities if necessary. You can also access offline maps and other emergency tools just by using this handy antenna.

Final Thought When preparing for survival, you should always think about your region and what is most likely to cause you to need to survive. With a disaster preparedness kit, you may be looking at something different if you live in Alaska as compared to Florida. Before buying anything, you should also take an inventory of what you have at home that you can add to your kit. You don’t need to spend a lot to make sure that you and your family are prepared. Stay safe out there!

The Coming Second Civil War

To be clear from the outset, our modern survival blog is not about the drawing up of old allegiances and what to do when the Confederacy rises again. That is unlikely to occur, even if the country is destabilized enough such that local governments break down–though that will almost certainly be one of many factions in this event. Instead, the coming second civil war refers to how people will respond once society does collapse which seems to be getting closer every day.

While there is likely little you can do to actually change the course of history, that does not mean you are without recourse. Once society does break down, those who are prepared and have the skills to survive without modern conveniences will be the ones who make it through the most difficult and trying times. Remember, that should modern society simply stop, for whatever reason, there is a pretty good chance that up 90-percent of all Americans would starve within the first 3 months once reserve supplies ran out, assuming they were not affected in the initial collapse.

This article will discuss many of the issues that are currently facing the US and the world which could bring about the societal collapse preceding the coming Second Civil War. We will dissect the problems, their causes, and what you can do about it. Be aware that we are not advocating for any political ideology or position and are simply responding to the evidence while trying to best prepare for disaster. First, let us take a look at the potential causes of societal collapse before next looking at what you can do to prepare.


Climate Change

Regardless of where you lie on the political spectrum and what you believe, the fact that the planet is warming up rather quickly is an issue with which we, our survivalist blog and you readers, must grapple. Many of the other problems that could cause a collapse are either caused in part, whole, or, at the very least, exacerbated by climate change. As the temperatures rise, arable land becomes scarcer while the climate, in general, becomes unwelcoming to the current evolution of plant life. Granted, given enough time, plants would adapt to the new climate and perform a similar, if not the same, function that they do today.

The problem is that evolutionary adaptation takes a long time, and there is no guarantee that there would be much of a human race left once they do. Unfortunately, not only does this seem like a problem which will persist, as noted by the breaking of an ice sheet which had never broken in the span of Earth’s history. To make matters worse, developing countries often require the use of dirty, but cheap, carbon-based fossil fuels to advance their society.

While the potential threat to the ecosystem definitely looms large, it is the secondary effects of climate change that are the real danger. For instance, as resources become scarce, countries will become more and more desperate to acquire the resources necessary to sustain their society. If they have no way to obtain those resources peacefully, they are not simply going to lay down and wait to die. Instead, those resource-poor countries will begin to wage war on their neighbors for their resources–even if their neighbors are just as resource-poor as they are.

While that may not seem like a big deal for us, it will have monumental impacts on the global marketplace and, consequently, the US economy. On top of that, smaller groups of disgruntled people are liable to try and solve their own problems without the help of their society and with the use of force. While we would probably label this event terrorism, the lack of a political agenda beyond survival makes that a spurious claim, but the results will be the same.


A lot of survival news may gin this one up a bit, but when you actually consider the reality of a Second Civil War in a more traditional context, rather than a sensationalization of societal collapse, this is the most likely representation of what it would look like. While America’s Civil War is closely tied to political ideologies and moral disagreements, the people fighting were mostly of the same race. Because our modern society has decentralized racial power, it is unlikely to occur that we would fight along those same lines and principles again.

However, Americans often identify with one another, regardless of their race, creed, other identities, when times get tough. On top of that, Americans have a tendency to come together to fight a common enemy, though the national ‘alliance’ may be fairly short-lived thereafter. In this case, a ‘true’ Second Civil War is more likely to be composed of natural Americans on one side and immigrants on the other. While climate change will have life-changing impacts on the developed world, it will make undeveloped nations veritably unlivable.

The overwhelming majority of the people in those regions, once they have exhausted all other solutions, will move in droves to wherever can sustain life. Since America is located in a more temperate climate region, we will lose a lot of arable lands but not become barren. Regions closer to the equator, though, are likely to just get tougher and more difficult to live in which will force the people living there to leave. Eventually, the US will see a legitimate immigration disaster of the likes our institutions genuinely cannot handle.

As the US population begins to swell in the wake of unprecedented immigration since the first humans arrived on this continent. The first response is likely to devote more resources to keeping illegal immigrants out, but it will eventually become a pyrrhic strategy that costs more than it saves. Before too long the country will have far more people than it can support too quickly which will put a strain on already struggling infrastructure. After that, it takes just a single spark to set off a powder keg of fear and social unrest.


If polled today, one of the biggest fears among average Americans is terrorism, even if it happens to be a fairly rare event for the average American to encounter–unless you count domestic terrorism, but even then, that is still extremely unlikely. However, as the weather worsens and immigration increases, the violent, political discontent of deranged individuals and the provocateurs who manipulate them will become more and more common. As the borders become more difficult to defend, more and more opportunistic terrorists will see this as their time to strike.

While it seems as if our intelligence community is consistently effective at ferreting out plots to attack the US that will probably decrease as immigration increases precipitously. While the increase in terror attacks is bad, the fact that it will likely be met with some form of militarized response at home and abroad is where the real trouble starts. With immigration being driven to untenable points by climate change, the only real option to prevent terrorists from getting into the US is shutting down the border entirely.

As a breach of the Constitution, this would be met with an uproar from civil liberty advocates on the right and left–and even from your very own humble survivalist blog. This would also foster the kind of environment necessary for an ‘us against them’ type of mentality to reach feverish, hysterical pitches. Remember, if there is to be an actual Civil War beyond fanciful rhetoric, chances are it will be natural born citizens versus everyone else. Of course, whether we find ourselves at each other’s throats due to increased terrorism or not does not change the fact that the political backlash will be severe.


In response to all of the mounting pressures previously discussed, the US, and likely other major world powers, will realize that everyone is dealing with the same problems. While not a true solution, it is almost inevitable that a nativist approach is adopted to ensure ‘order.’ Depending on how purist and consistent the screening is will likely determine how brutal and potentially heinous the result is. While it is unlikely that ideologies of that extremity will take hold in the US, it is almost inevitable that more genocides committed on one’s own people are likely to rise.

Regardless of how nativist the US goes, there is almost certainly going to be an interregnum period where a global policy of isolationism is enacted. This is a fairly common response for nations when tensions begin to rise and the international climate is hotter than normal. This can actually have some positive effects, like forcing the development of domestic trades and manufacturing, but is also likely to leave us on the outside looking in with trade negotiations. As much as the US might be able to sustain a pre-digital society on its own, it needs those rare earth elements from Africa to sustain a contemporary standard of living.

When engaging in a political stance of isolationism, which is the direction we are currently moving towards, you often either receive the mud-end of the stick–something the US does not generally allow–or you take the goods by force. All of this amidst the very same problems happening across the world with little time to act. What do you think the US government and military are going to do: wait around for the slow collapse or go out in a blaze of fire and glory?


Though this article may be discussing the coming Second World War, it is worth remembering that traditional war, against different nations, can create the kind of pressure that can cause a society to collapse as we have seen in the Middle East. Of course, it is extremely unlikely that any other nation in the world can project force to the degree or with the same effectiveness as the US military. As such, it is far more likely that the pressure of war will either come from our own extension of force or from clandestine means.

In a time of plenty, a war would normally mean good things for countries who can wage outside of their own soil. Even for those who must deal with the inherent attrition of fighting on their own land still often see an overall upswing in economic indicators. However, the wars of the future will either be fought in the virtual world or with nuclear weapons, but any significant enough conflict to destabilize society for any length of time will include the use of nuclear weapons.

Should nuclear weapons be used, the odds of anyone surviving above ground without a heavily fortified compound are incredibly slim. Of course, we will eventually get to some of the potential solutions, but the fact remains that nuclear war will require significant preparation if you hope to survive. On the other hand, the odds of the US projecting military force in order to secure ever-shrinking resources are definitely worth considering. While the US has not admitted to using force to secure resources for ourselves so nakedly, it is not unheard of historically and may explain why our military spends so much time and resources in the Middle East.

Over the course of time, not only are we likely to project force to secure resources, but the war effort will only accelerate the overall depletion of those resources. This will be noticed primarily by the average citizen who is no longer able to obtain certain goods due to rationing. While that sounds great in theory, modern Americans are notoriously bad at preparation in general, whether for their daily lives or for catastrophic events. Should we become engaged in an extended resource war, it is only a matter of time before the civil unrest spills out into the streets.


Again, this is not a political statement as this survivalist blog does not think there is anything inherently wrong with our economic system–in theory. That said, the way that our system currently operates is definitely slanted a bit in favor of wealth. Actually, scratch that, our economic system is overwhelmingly biased in favor of wealth which affords de facto civil liberties the rest of us do not enjoy, like being ‘too big to fail.’ That said, late-capitalism by itself is incredibly unlikely to cause a full-scale social destabilization, but it is definitely an influence that is not making dealing with the other problems any easier.

As late-capitalism develops and inequality widens, eventually the pinch will get to be too much and the people will revolt. This is not to suggest that there will be a full-scale national revolution, but one event can inspire other copycats which spread like wildfire until more of the country than not is in open or closed rebellion with the forces in power. This is especially likely if the economy gets so bad that parents are unable to feed their children.

Many people today are not all that familiar with their not so old history and forget that bread riots are common when and where people cannot feed their families. It is unlikely that the federal government would allow a food shortage of that magnitude to occur–unless they could do nothing to stop it. If a number of factors converge to make food so scarce that people simply cannot afford it, then there is only a limited amount of time the government can sustain the society before it eventually collapses once whatever remaining stores run out.


Now, after thoroughly discussing all of the ways in which we are screwed, now comes the time for the lighter part of the article: the solutions. However, this article is about to go from dark to pitch black because there are not many, if any, great solutions to fix these issues. Instead, the best thing you can do is prepare for any and all threats to your way of life the best that you can. Easily one of the most valuable things you can do before the collapse is to learn survival techniques and begin to plan for what you will do when the coming Second Civil War arrives on your doorstep. Thankfully, your faithful modern survival blog is here to help.

The first thing you need to do, right now, before finishing this article, is develop a bug out plan for you and your ‘party,’ generally your family. This plan will include the protocols each person should follow depending on where they are and what they are doing with different plans in case party members are separated when a disaster strikes. While you will likely see plenty of survival news regarding ‘bug out bags,’ that is putting the cart before the horse a bit. Figure out what you and your loved ones will do immediately following a temporary or permanent collapse of society. Once you have devised a solid escape plan, then you can start worrying about the long-term planning projects like bug out bags and bug out shelters. Before too long, you will have developed the skills necessary to survive on your own out in the wild. Of course, we have a long road ahead of us, so buckle up and welcome aboard as we begin our education in the skill of survival. We encourage you to comment below and share this article with your friends using one of the widgets below on what you think about the Coming Second Civil War and our new modern survival blog. Always be sure to check back here for the latest survival news.

Basic Survival Skills Everyone Should Know

Modern convenience doesn’t begin to describe the effortless way we live today. You can order anything to your home, which you don’t even have to leave if you don’t want to. However, if the power is knocked out, you lose the Internet, or just get stranded in the wilderness, there are a few things that you should know how to do. With some basic survival skills everyone should know, anyone can mitigate a very bad situation so that it’s at least bearable, and in the worst case scenario, you could save your life.

From making a fire to building a shelter, these skills aren’t necessarily taught in your typical school classes, and with each generation, modern survival skills seem to become less and less important to learn. However, knowing how to take care of yourself in a bad situation is an important step for living on your own and meeting the challenges of survival when it’s all you can do.

The following modern survival skills are some of the most important, but we’d love to hear your own stories and tips. Please comment with your thoughts!

How to Find and Purify Water

Have you ever noticed in survival shows that water is the first thing that people look for? Nothing is more important when you are in survival mode than procuring clean, drinking water. Humans can actually fast and exist on nothing but water for a long time, as long as it is purified and healthy to drink. Without water, however, you are likely to die in the wilderness within a day or two. If the heat is extreme, you may die within a matter of hours.

So how do you find water?

Access the Terrain and Follow Gravity

If you are in a hilly area, water will always be found downhill. You can listen for streams and follow green patches, as well as animals. You can also count on finding streams in between crevasses where hills meet as well. If you can’t find a water source or you’re not in a hilly area, then you’ll need to keep your eyes open and explore the area as much as possible. You may hear water crashing on racks, or you may see areas lush with green vegetation and lots of animals nearby.

When water sources aren’t readily available, you can always dig a hole in damp soil, where you can typically find groundwater. This water isn’t the best, so you’ll need to build a fire in order to purify it.

Don’t Just Guzzle Any Water You Find Either

Standing water is not always good for you. For one, it probably has a ton of bacteria and parasites. Water should be flowing at all times, and if it’s stagnant, there could be more problems for you if you just drink it without purifying it first. Malaria is one problem that is common in stagnant water, but there’s also dengue fever and amoebas. If you find a pool of standing water, you should only gather it as a last resort, and you shouldn’t drink it unless boiled first.

Purify Water If You Can

Boiling water isn’t that difficult when you have a stove, but if you are alone in the wilderness, then you’ll need to know how to build a fire and have a vessel to store it in. There are also tablets and water filters you can find at survival and camping stores that can be added to water to make it clean. If you are planning a trip of any kind outdoors, these can be vital essentials.

How to Start a Fire

Second to water is building a fire. Every person should know how to make a fire in an emergency situation, as it helps you boil water, stay warm, cook food, scares predators, and can be used as a signal for help. Of course, if you are knowingly headed into the wilderness, you probably will have some kind of lighter. However, that’s not all you need. What if the lighter doesn’t work? What if you lose it? There are a thousand scenarios where you may one day have to build a fire without these modern conveniences.

What Makes Fire?

Most people have seen Tom Hanks move a twig against another twig to create friction and sparks, which is called the “hand drill” method. You can create a nest of kindling, such as dead grass, dry leaves, and bark. You’ll set the nest on a piece of wood. Create a notch in the center of the wood, then place another wooden twig’s end against the notch. Now, you’ll use your hands to create friction, spinning the twig back and forth between your hands. This does work, but it takes a lot of effort.

Do you have some sunlight and a pair of glasses? You can use your glasses like a magnifying glass and create heat against dead grass just the same way. Your glasses can create a concentrated beam of light that will ignite your kindling quickly.

Flint and steel sets are a part of survival kits because they can easily start a fire in a pinch. If you don’t have flint, you can also use your pocket knife (everyone survivalist should own one of these!) and a good quartzite rock. You can strike this rock with your blade to create sparks, using char cloth or your kindling nest underneath.

Start with Dry Kindling

You should start with dry, crackled leaves and branches. These work best for kindling. You won’t be able to burn green leaves and other vegetation as quickly as dry, dead grass and leaves on the ground. After you get the fire going, you can use green leaves and other vegetation to make the fire bigger and brighter. For example, if you are trying to signal for help, then starting a fire and then cook green leaves above it to make the smoke travel in clouds.

Try a Small Fire First

A few little sparks in a pile of dead grass can start a raging bonfire quickly with a little coaxing and effort. Most people think that you have to gather branches and tree limbs to get a huge fire, but it’s actually the kindling that is driest and smallest that will create your first flames. To keep it going, you should add much larger kindling, such as branches.

Shield Yourself with Temporary Shelter

With water and fire, you’ve gotten two of the most basic survival skills everyone should know. The next thing is securing a place to hide from the elements. Whether you need shade from the sun and heat, or you want to avoid the rain, having a shelter is pretty important to staying dry and out of harm’s way.

The way you build your shelter will always relate to your surroundings. If you can find rock formations and crevices, then you can build a lean-to, using the pre-existing structure as one wall. Fallen trees, large rocks, and rock walls are great ways to get started with your temporary shelter.

You can also build a teepee using materials like branches, leaves, and thick brush. These structures are typically built with large branches first. The basic requirements are that you have branches for poles. You’ll need more than 10 large branches to set up the teepee, as well as some clothing, brush, and leaves to cover the branches once you’re finished. Pocket knives or larger hatchets come in handy, as you’ll have to cut and create notches in the wood in order to create the basic shape of the teepee.

In addition to building a shelter, it also matters where you build a shelter. You don’t want to build one too close to water, as it could flood due to rain. You want to pick high and dry ground that’s within walking distance to water. You don’t want to keep your campfire too close to a dry structure either, as it could potentially catch fire.

How to Navigate With or Without a Compass

So, you’re hiking, and you get separated. You’re now lost in the wilderness and don’t know how to get back to the path. While it may seem like a time to pick a direction and just start walking, you can get yourself in more trouble this water. The best option is to be smart and know how to navigate your surroundings just by observing a few things. Some of the best survival kits will include a compass and map.

Where’s the High Ground?

You can always go up to a look out point to see where you are and how to get out of an area. This is the simplest way, and while not always an option if you aren’t in hilly terrain, it’s the best way to get a vantage point when you’re in doubt. You can also climb a small tree. These are just two ways to help you out of panic mode if you truly get lost and have nothing to help you find a way out.

What Does the Sun Say?

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west, right? This isn’t the best way to find direction, but it is better than anything else you’ve got unless there’s a compass in your pocket. You can make this easier by sing a long stick and sticking it in the ground so that it’s able to stand up straight out of the ground. Now, you can mark the tip of the shadow in the dirt. Now, you can wait a few minutes and check to see which direction the shadow moves with the sun. The sun should move to the east. Now you know east and west, making it easier to find your way back to the path, as long as you know where you started.

When in Doubt, Look for Water

Sometimes, panicking is the worst part about being lost. So, if you really need to focus your thoughts, just think about finding a water source. You can follow the flow of the river to find people along the same path. If you aren’t completely off the grid in an unknown land, you will run across someone who can help. At the very least, you can fill your water bottle up and keep yourself hydrated as you look for a way back.

Use Your Compass

Most watches and phones have a compass today. However, this is about foregoing modern conveniences. Still, if you are headed out into the wilderness, and you’re afraid of being lost, a compass is the first thing you should pack. Everyone should know how to read and use a compass. It’s basic survival skills everyone should know that will work without any power source, too.

A compass will always point North, so unless you have a map, you’ll need to know where you started to get back on track. One thing to note about a compass is that there is a “true” North and “magnetic” North. The difference is known as “declination.” Usually, this is a variation of 20 degrees. Every compass should be adjusted for declination before you go on any trip, as it pertains to the area and brand of the compass. Still, even if you haven’t adjusted for declination, a compass will help give you direction and point you in a general way to go if you are lost in place with a lot of cloud cover and no sunlight.

What Food Can You Survive On?

If you were starving and surviving, do you know the difference between a poisonous berry and a nourishing one? Are all animals safe to hunt and consume in the wild? What insects are better to eat than others? There are a few methods for foraging for food that you should master if you are going to survive on your own.

How to Hunt Game on Your Own

If you have the ability to create a weapon, such using your pocket knife on the end of a branch like a spear or even whittling a spear point out of wood, you’re on your way to hunting small fish and game. It takes very little to craft a spear to kill small game. The problem is that you can waste a lot of energy hunting and chasing small game, and if you go after larger animals, you risk injury and possible death. For that reason, you should be careful when you hunt game and only go after creatures that you can easily spot and capture.

Set Up Traps

Of course, the best way to capture small animals and fish is to just use traps. You can build a small game snare for capture mice and squirrels. It costs far less energy and effort to use a trap, as long as you have the right materials.

Try Fishing First

Where there is water, there is likely fish. If you can fashion a spear or line and hook, then you can find some good protein to eat. You can dig in the ground for worms to attach to your hook and set up a line. This costs a little amount of energy, but it could lead to a bigger pay off than chasing much smaller game that can easily escape up a tree or into a hole. Of course, in certain areas, you may have to deal with other predators, such as alligators.

Foraging for Food

You won’t get the same nourishment from eating berries and bark, but you also won’t spend as much energy trying to get it. Mushrooms and certain berries are very poisonous, so it’s best if you stay away from these unless you know for certain that it’s not poisonous. You can familiarize yourself with local flora and fauna beforehand before going on a trip. Books like “Edible Wild Plants Field Guide” are a great resource for these types of trips. These are typically included in the best survival kits. Here are some common plants to look for when foraging:

  •  Chickweed
  •  Wood sorrels
  •  Rumex acetosella
  •  Common dandelion
  •  Cooking banana
  •  Cattail
  •  Chicory
  •  Red clover

Dressing a Wound

  •  Fireweed

Inevitably if you are surviving in the wild, you probably will get a scratch or other injury that should be taken care of immediately. These are basic modern survival skills that don’t use any type of technology to help whatsoever. If you are lost, you probably don’t have access to emergency aid, but you should also bring along first aid kits if you know that you are headed into the wild. Some of the best survival kits can save your life.

Close the Wound

Open wounds will cause more problems due to bacteria, which will cause infection. You can use your clothing as a bandage to close it, or you can cauterize the wound if it’s quite large and won’t stop bleeding. You’ll still need to get to emergency aid quickly, as cauterized wounds can still cause problems and infection.

Bandage Carefully

Most people don’t realize that they can lose a limb by tying a bandage too tightly, even when it is bleeding. You never want to tie a bandage too tightly for long periods of time, such as a tourniquet, unless it is a life or death situation, and you’re losing a lot of blood. In addition, you should change bandages regularly. As dirty or old bandages will also lead to bacteria and infection.

Binding a Broken Bone

You should create a brace with a tree branch or twig and some cloth. This is called a splint as well. You should never try to reset a broken bone unless you have medical experience doing so. You could make the fracture even worse.